How an IUI Cycle WorksGoing to see a fertility specialist (board certified Reproductive Endocrinologist) can be an exciting step when you are trying to become pregnant.

Dr. Cynthia Murdock explains what an IUI (intrauterine insemination) is- the steps that are used in a very common fertility treatment protocol. -Lisa Rosenthal

What is an Intrauterine Insemination IUI?

So what exactly is an IUI?

Well,  in the simplest terms,  IUI stands for intrauterine insemination. Sometimes this is also referred to as artificial insemination, but the term IUI is preferred as it more correctly describes the procedure.

Basically in an IUI, the male partner (or sperm donor) produces a sperm sample. That sample is then processed in a specialized laboratory so that only the strongest and healthiest sperm are in the sample to be placed into the uterus. Then all of these good sperm are replaced into the female's uterus. That way the best sperm get a head start to the uterus. The procedure is quick and generally painless via a speculum that is placed into the vagina (just like a Pap smear is performed), then a very thin, specialist catheter is inserted through the cervix into the uterus. There is no need to rest after the procedure and one can go on to have normal activity that day. IUI's are also performed with donor sperm if there is no male partner, or if there is a severe male factor infertility problem.

How an IUI Cycle Works

IUI's are rarely performed on its own. Most often the procedure is combined with medication such as Clomid to produce more eggs in the ovaries. Ovulation is then induced when the eggs become mature. IUI's are performed just at the time of ovulation with the egg released from the ovaries. IUI, along with a combination of medication is the most common first fertility treatment for many types of infertility. The idea is to get more than more sperm at the right spot at just the right time to improve chances for pregnancy.

If you have been trying to conceive for a year, make an appointment to see your Obstetrician/Gynecologist and then get a referral to see a fertility specialist.

Start to build your family today.

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Topics: IUI, Fertility Treatment

Cynthia Murdock, MD
Dr. Cynthia Murdock is a staff physician and a fertility specialist at Reproductive Medicine Associates of Connecticut (RMACT). She is board-certified in Obstetrics and Gynecology and in Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility.
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