Path To Fertility Blogger Lisa Rosenthal  

Lisa Rosenthal has over twenty-five years of experience in the fertility field, including her current roles as Coordinator of Professional and Patient Communications for RMACT and teacher and founder of Fertile Yoga, a class designed to support, comfort and enhance men and women's sense of self. Her experience also includes working with RESOLVE: The National Infertility Association and The American Fertility Association, where she was Educational Coordinator, Conference Director and Assistant Executive Director

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Dr. Mark Leondires at Men Having Babies in Chicago, Sept 12-13


Men Having Babies Surrogacy Seminar & Gay Parenting Expo

gay dads family buildingRMACT is taking it on the road, for the LGBTQ community.


Dr. Mark Leondires will be at the Men Having Babies (MHB) Midwest Surrogacy Seminar & Gay Parenting Expo in Chicago on September 12, 2014.


He will be available for private consultations between 2:00-7:00 PM. Sign up for a consultation with Dr. Leondires here: http://bit.ly/1oJMT4o


When: September 12, 2014
2:00 PM – 7:00 PM

Where: Center on Halstead
3656 N Halstead
Chicago, IL 60613


Start the Conversation.

Dr. Leondires and members of the GayParentsToBe Team will be available for in-person consultations in Chicago on September 12 from 2:00 to 7:00 PM.  Discuss your family building options, including:


Surrogacy                             Donor Egg                     IVF    
Financial Packages              HIV+ Services         Support    


The number of consultations are limited. RSVP required.

MHB is partnering with the Center on Halsted and Howard Brown Health Center to bring surrogacy parenting programming to Chicago!

Dedicated to Family Building for Gay Men

If you are interested in becoming dads through surrogacy, or if you are already surrogacy parents, professionals in the field, allies or community organizers - we invite you to our first Midwest seminar and expo dedicated to biological parenting for gay men.

The program includes a “Surrogacy 101” workshop, a Gay Parenting Expo, Exhibitor introductions, a reception and networking, on-site consultations and information about the Gay Parenting Assistance Program and other local and national resources. Sponsorship proceeds will benefit the Gay Parenting Assistance Program. The seminar will be recorded on video courtesy of Worldwide Surrogacy Specialists.

If you are in the Chicago area or know someone in the area who could benefit from this program or a consultation with Dr. Leondires, please let us know. Dr. Leondires has a limited amount of time and we want to put that time to best use. A free 45 minute consultation could help put you on your way to having your family. 



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Dr. Leondires, Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Named Top Doctor


Dr. Leondires Named Top Doctor, Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility

Dr. Leondires Top Doc InfertilityOur own Dr. Mark P. Leondires, Medical Director at RMACT and a board certified Norwalk, CT physician specializing in reproductive endocrinology and infertility, has been selected by Castle Connolly Medical Ltd. for inclusion in its authoritative guide to the top primary care and specialty care doctors in the tri-state metropolitan New York area. We congratulate him here on PathtoFertility. Here is the official press release from PR Newswire:

Castle Connolly Publishes 17th edition of Top Doctors: New York Metro Area

NORWALK, Conn., July 29, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Castle Connolly Medical Ltd., America's trusted source for identifying Top Doctors, has published the 17th edition of Top Doctors: New York Metro Area and has selected Mark P. Leondires, MD for this exclusive honor.

The 17th edition of Top Doctors: New York Metro Area includes over 6,400 top primary care and specialty care physicians in a twenty-one county area spanning three states: New York, New Jersey and Connecticut. Selected physicians, including Dr. Leondires, represent the top 10% of doctors in the area in 65 medical specialties and subspecialties for the care and treatment of more than 1,800 diseases and medical conditions.

Castle Connolly Top Doctors® are selected each year by Castle Connolly Medical Ltd. after being nominated by their peers in an online nomination process. Nominations are open to all board certified MDs and DOs and each year tens of thousands of physicians cast many tens of thousands of nominations. Nominated physicians are selected by the Castle Connolly physician-led research team based on criteria including medical education, training, hospital appointments, disciplinary histories and much more.

About Mark P. Leondires: a short profile by and about the RMACT honoree:

Dr. Leondires finished his fellowship at the National Institutes of Health and completed his military service as the Director at the military's most successful IVF program. Since 2002 he has been the Medical Director at RMACT. Leondires says: "We offer individualized care, including IVF, IUI and third party reproduction, as well as support services such as yoga, acupuncture and counseling. This has resulted in some of the highest pregnancy rates and patient satisfaction scores in the US." He is a proud member of the LGBTQ community and promotes family building at: www.gayparentstobe.com

castle connolly top doctors awardFor more information on this Castle Connolly New York Metro Area Top Doctor®, please visit Mark P. Leondires's profile on www.castleconnolly.com.

Castle Connolly Medical Ltd.'s President and CEO Dr. John Connolly has this to say about Dr. Leondires's recognition: "Roughly ten percent of area physicians were selected for our 17th edition of Top Doctors: New York Metro Area. Being nominated by Board Certified peers and then selected by our experts is an accomplishment worthy of recognition. The New York Metro area is home to a great number of very high quality medical professionals, yet some stand out. My congratulations to Dr. Leondires."

To find out more or to contact Dr. Mark P. Leondires of Norwalk, CT, please call 203-750-7400, or visit www.rmact.com.

This press release was written by American Registry, LLC and Castle Connolly Medical Ltd., with approval by and/or contributions from Mark P. Leondires and was distributed by PR Newswire, a subsidiary of UBM plc.

Castle Connolly Medical Ltd. identifies top doctors in America and provides consumers with detailed information about their education, training and special expertise in printed guides and online directories. It is important to note that doctors do not and cannot pay to be included in any Castle Connolly guide or online directory. Learn more at http://www.castleconnolly.com.


Dr. Leondires On CBS News - Baby Orangutan Brings New Hope


Baby Orangutan Brings New Hope for Wildlife Conservation

By now you may have heard about the breakthrough use of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) by Dr. Mark Leondires, veterinarians, and the LEO Zoological Society. We're been sharing the news because the birth of this baby orangutan signifies a milestone victory for wildlife conservation. Previously, researchers have had difficulty predicting the reproductive cycle of orangutans. In this collaborative effort, Dr. Leondires closely monitored the mother, Maggie, for two years before performing a natural cycle IUI (intrauterine insemination).

Dr. Leondires Speaks About Assisted Reproductive Technology On CBS News

Dr. Leondires spoke with CBS News about assisted reproductive technology and the baby orangutan, whose birth provides new hope for the survival of his species.  Read more about Dr. Leondires and his work with the LEO Zoo here:


Baby orangutan is best new hope for survival of his species

Hear from Dr. Leondires in this CBS News video:





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CT Fertility Doctor Mark Leondires Helps Orangutan Become Mother


CT Fertility Doctor Mark Leondires Helps Orangutan Become Mother

baby orangutan and motherEver wonder what your fertility doctor was up to in his or her free time?  I’d like to share with you what award-winning Dr. Mark Leondires, Medical Director at Reproductive Medicine Associates of Connecticut (RMACT), has been doing for the past several years.


Dr. Leondires has had a lifelong affinity to animals. In fact, he had considered becoming a Veterinarian before deciding that he preferred to be able to have a verbal conversation with his patients. Still, this has always been something that has drawn him.


About two years ago, Dr. Leondires was invited to participate as a leader in the fertility treatment field with LEO Zoo Conservation Center in Greenwich. Volunteering during his time away from his own fertility practice, Dr. Leondires has been a part of a special project to help with the conservation of the orangutan. As the animal most closely related to humans, orangutans are intelligent, gentle and powerful animals . . . and they are severely endangered. Some experts estimate that in 25 years orangutans will no longer exist in the wild.


Dr. Leondires was able to use the least invasive practice of a natural cycle IUI (intrauterine insemination), which also held the most promising results and it worked beautifully.


Read below to hear about the results of his work with the Zoo. Better yet, check out this video of mom and baby J:



We are really proud of Dr. Leondires for having participated in this new family. Really proud.


Endangered Baby Orangutan Born through First-Ever Successful Assisted Reproduction

LEO Zoological Conservation Center, Veterinarians, and Dr. Mark Leondires Accomplish a Milestone Victory for Wildlife Conservation


GREENWICH, CT (June 13, 2014) – After decades of trial and error by major universities and zoological institutions, a small nonprofit conservation center, LEO Zoological Conservation Center, has successfully developed a program using assisted reproduction to aid in the plight to save wild orangutans. On May 20, 2014, Maggie, a 22-year-old orangutan at LEO Zoological Conservation Center, had a baby male orangutan; both mother and baby are healthy and doing well.


This breakthrough completes the first step of LEO Zoological Conservation Center’s Wild Cycling Program, which began two years ago. Wild cycling, first coined by LEO Zoological Conservation Center’s Founder and Director Marcella Leone, aims for the eventual recycling of genes in and out of zoological institutions and wild populations in order to expand genetic diversity.


LEO Zoological Conservation Center invited Dr. Mark Leondires of Reproductive Medicine Associates of Connecticut (RMACT), a leader in the fertility field and treatment of infertility in humans, to aid in this Wild Cycling Program. Dr. Leondires, LEO Zoological Conservation Center veterinarians and staff monitored female orangutans to track ovulation and menstruation cycles to determine the least invasive treatment plan with the best chance of success while staff developed a training and conditioning standard, based on their natural habits. Together, they performed natural cycle intrauterine insemination (IUI) with sperm collected from a male orangutan. This single round of treatment successfully resulted in pregnancy.


This scientific advancement comes at a critical time as Earth’s wild forests are being removed 10 times faster than any possible rate of re-growth and a species of plant or animals goes extinct every 20 minutes. During the past 60 years, the orangutan population has decreased by 50 percent as tropical forests are harvested for palm oil, which is used in many foods and soap products. Many experts estimate that orangutans will be extinct in their natural habitat in the next 25 years.


“We are proud to contribute to the continued existence of this gentle, intelligent species through the success of our ongoing Wild Cycling Program,” says Leone.  “The science here could redefine the ways conservationists and scientists approach wildlife preservation in the future.”


Both Maggie and baby are doing very well after a short labor in her favorite yellow wheelbarrow that she continues to make sleeping nests in every night. Maggie’s baby has been a precious addition who is not only doted on by his mother but by the other five orangutans at the center. As the Wild Cycling Program continues to progress, a second pregnant, soon-to-be first time orangutan mother will be spending her days alongside Maggie and her new baby in order to learn the necessary parenting skills. 


LEO ZOOLOGICAL CONSERVATION CENTER needs help naming the new baby. Visit www.LEOzoo.org/namethebaby to submit your suggestion. We are accepting recommendations until 12:00pm EST on June 30, 2014.


About LEO Zoological Conservation Center

LEO Zoological Conservation Center is a nonprofit, low impact, accredited off-site breeding facility, in Greenwich, Connecticut, for rare and endangered animals with a focus on breeding species at risk. Education and conservation based research are the cornerstones of the center’s efforts. Low impact means that we provide large spaces and limit stress and exposure to human crowds, creating the best environment for breeding, in order to provide animals to public zoos and for future reintroduction programs into the wild. Although five years young, LEO Zoological Conservation Center is no stranger to unique births; the facility has welcomed endangered Rothschild giraffes, Asian Fishing Cats, White Handed Gibbons, Brazilin Tapirs and Eastern Mountain Bongos among many others. For more information visit http://www.LEOzoo.org or find us on Facebook.


LEO Zoological Conservation Center’s Wild Cycling Program creates a brand new and sustainable concept recycling genes expanding genetic diversity.  This program is a four pronged approach: natural breeding, fresh semen IUI, extended semen IUI, and frozen semen ICSY.


Specifically in the case of the endangered orangutan, the Wild Cycling Program could:

  • Avoid costly transfers of animals between zoological institutions, which disrupts social groups and creates stress and trauma related health issues. This will contribute to the work that zoos are doing by banking genetic material and truly allowing them to become genetic arks of the future. 
  • Aid the wild population that has decreased by over 50% in the last 60 years primarily due to the palm oil trade, as well as other major threats.  As a result, the now isolated communities of orangutans will inevitably suffer from a decline of genetic diversity and negative effects of inbreeding. Many experts estimate that orangutans will be extinct in their natural habitat in the next 25 years


About Reproductive Medicine Associates of Connecticut (RMACT)

Dr. Mark Leondires is a partner with RMACT, which specializes in the treatment of infertility, including assisted reproductive technologies (ART) such as intrauterine insemination (IUI), in-vitro fertilization (IVF), and Comprehensive Chromosomal Screening (SelectCCS). RMACT, Fairfield County’s largest fertility clinic and egg donation center, is one of 11 leading In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) centers nationwide chosen by In Vitro Sciences to participate in its Centers of Excellence program. RMACT has offices in Norwalk, Danbury, Stamford and Trumbull, and an affiliate New York fertility clinics serving Putnam and Dutchess counties. RMACT also offers infertility treatment financing and support services, such as nutrition counseling, massage therapy, psychological counseling, acupuncture and yoga, through RMACT’s Integrated Fertility and Wellness Center.


The RMACT team includes lead physicians Drs. Mark P. Leondires, Spencer S. Richlin and Joshua M. Hurwitz, as well as fertility specialists Drs. Cynthia M. Murdock and Shaun C. Williams. All physicians are Board-Certified Reproductive Endocrinologists and are members of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM), the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART) and the Fairfield County and Connecticut Medical Societies. Each has received numerous awards, and all five are Castle Connolly "Top Doctors." RMACT’s IVF laboratory is accredited by the College of American Pathologists (CAP), and CLIA; other accreditations include the Accreditation Association for Ambulatory Health Care (AAAHC) and the American Institute for Ultrasound in Medicine (AIUM). For more information visit www.RMACT.com or find us on Facebook.

CT Fertility Clinic Celebrates 5 Top Doctors


Five Top Doctors At Our CT Fertility Clinic

CT Fertility Clinic Top DoctorsWhen I say I work for the best fertility doctors in Connecticut, people hearing my words probably think I'm biased. In fact though, their peers agree, they are top doctors according to Castle Connolly Medical Ltd. (See below.) That's not me saying it, that's other doctors in Connecticut saying it. 

Clinically, they are excellent, hence their awards. Drs. Mark Leondires, Spencer Richlin, Joshua Hurwitz, Cynthia Murdock and Shaun Williams are a dedicated group of physicians intent on providing the very best fertility treatment possible. Our pregnancy rates are outstanding and are continuing to rise due to innovative and scientific advancements and a fertility program willing to move past accepted ways to treat infertility and sub-fertility. We have doctors who respect what we have learned in the last several decades and are also open to new, research-driven techniques. They are neither bound mindlessly to the past nor are they jumping unquestioningly into new, unproven protocols. 

All that and more. Dedicated to creating a program that treats men and women like human beings and not walking fertility diagnoses; we have created teams. Each patient has an award winning, board certified reproductive endocrinologist, plus a nurse coordinator, plus a patient navigator, plus a financial representative. These teams are put together to ensure that each patient at RMACT knows who to ask questions of and who is responsible for their fertility treatment. While patients may get treated as a number in other fertility programs, they most certainly are not treated that way at RMACT.

RMACT takes other steps as well to ensure that patients are taken care of; the Integrated and Fertility Wellness Program offers many free and co-pay dependant services for both patients and non-patients. Mental health professionals offer counseling and coaching so that men and women can thrive during fertility treatment, not simply survive. Our acupuncturists have almost a decade of experience working in both traditional and laser treatments. Our nutritionist, who one can see for a co-pay, creates individualized and specific plans for each and every patient that she sees and has made a big difference in patients reducing fertility-affecting lifestyle choices. Fertile Yoga is offered three days a week, in three separate locations, free of charge, reducing stress and increasing quality of life while in fertility treatment.

Please read below about our award winning doctors. How lovely and affirming that other physicians confirm what we all ready know; that the doctors at RMACT are dedicated to their patients and helping them become pregnant, with fertility treatment and compassion and hope. 

All Fertility Doctors at RMACT Named Top Doctors

Castle Connolly Medical Ltd., which conducts a rigorous, peer-reviewed assessment of local doctors, compiles the list of Top Doctors to help patients find the best healthcare providers. All five fertility doctors at Reproductive Medicine Associates of Connecticut (RMACT) are Top Doctors, as decided by their peers in the medical field.


Excellence in Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility


Fertiity Doctor Mark LeondiresDr. Mark Leondires, medical director and fertility specialist at RMACT, was selected in 2013 as a Castle Connolly Regional Top Doctor for his work the field of reproductive endocrinology and infertility. Among Dr. Leondires’ accolades, he was selected in 2012 and 2013 for Best Doctors in America, a database of the country’s top five percent of physicians, as chosen through a peer-review process. 


Prior to joining RMACT, Dr. Leondires served as the Director of Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) at the Combined Federal Program for Reproductive Endocrinology. While under his direction, the ART Program was one of the most successful in the Washington DC area and in the top tenth percentile nationally. During this time he was an Assistant Professor at the Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences and clinical faculty for the Combined Fellowship in Reproductive Endocrinology. His professional society memberships include the Society of Reproductive Endocrinologists, the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and the American Society for Reproductive Medicine.


Fertility Specialist Cynthia MurdockDr. Cynthia Murdock, a fertility specialist at RMACT, was also selected in 2013 as a Castle Connolly Top Doctor in the field of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility. Dr. Murdock was chosen by her peers as one of Connecticut’s top fertility specialists based on her outstanding work with patients who need help getting pregnant and building their families.


An experienced researcher, Dr. Murdock has contributed to numerous peer-reviewed studies and presented at several of the most prestigious conferences in the field of reproductive medicine. The focus of much of her research has been on estrogen receptors, hypothalamic neuron function, and precocious puberty. Dr. Murdock is a member of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine and the Society for Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, as well as a Fellow of the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Dr. Murdock was previously an assistant clinical professor at Creighton University School of Medicine and a staff physician with Reproductive Health Specialists at Nebraska Methodist Hospital. She has also served as an Assistant Professor of OB-GYN at the National Naval Medical Center and Walter Reed Army Medical Center.


CT Fertility Specialist Dr. Joshua Hurtwitz   Top DoctorDr. Joshua M. Hurwitz, a partner at RMACT, was also selected in 2013 as a Castle Connolly Top Doctor in the field of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility. Since joining RMACT seven years ago, he has helped thousands of patients realize their dreams of having a baby.


In addition to his responsibilities with RMACT, Dr. Hurwitz is Division Director of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility (REI) services in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences of Danbury Hospital, where he has been teaching residents during his entire tenure. He is also an Assistant Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Women’s Health at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine. During residency training, Dr. Hurwitz was named Best Laparoscopic Surgeon, and has received many teaching awards. He is a member of the Society of Reproductive Endocrinologists, Fellow of the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and the American Society for Reproductive Medicine.


Top Docs of Fairfield County


Two of the Board Certified reproductive endocrinologists of RMACT – Dr. Spencer Richlin, Surgical Director and Fertility Specialist, and Dr. Shaun Williams, fertility specialist – have been honored by their peers by being rated “Top Docs” of Fairfield County in 2014.


Infertility Specialist Dr. Spencer RichlinDr. Spencer Richlin, who made the Castle Connolly list for the third consecutive year, is a partner with RMACT. “My patients, whether they are couples, oncology patients or single women, all have the same dream – to have a family,” says Dr. Richlin, who is the Division Chief of Reproductive Endocrinology and Fertility at Norwalk Hospital along with his responsibilities at RMACT. “This intuitive human need is powerful, and I’m proud to help them have the families they dream of.”


Dr. Richlin is a member of the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) and of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM). He has published several articles and is on the writing committee for the upcoming 2015 Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility PROLOG sponsored by the ACOG.


Dr. Shaun WilliamsDr. Shaun Williams’ peers also rated him as a “Top Doctor” for Castle Connolly’s 2013 list of Fairfield County’s Top Doctors. “This award speaks to the hard work and care of our entire team,” says Dr. Williams, who joined the RMACT team in 2012. “I’m proud of our team’s success rates and that we are helping patients to improve their overall health through nutrition, stress management, and of course advanced medical treatment.”


Dr. Williams has been published numerous times, and has presented five of his abstracts at American Society of Reproductive Medicine’s annual conference for professionals in the infertility field. He is a member of ASRM, Fairfield County Medical Association, Fellow of American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and associate member of Society for Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility. 



Anyone out there agree about our wonderful doctors? Care to share a few words? We would love to hear from you! ~Lisa Rosenthal


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Meet Our Reproductive Endocrinologist and CT Fertility Specialist


Our Reproductive Endocrinologist and CT Fertility Specialist

RMACT A new year. A new opportunity to introduce the medical team at Reproductive Medicine Associates of Connecticut (RMACT). We have the best of the best: five award-winning, board-certified reproductive endocrinologists. They are excellent in both their clinical expertise as well as their understanding of the stress that their patients are under. Wonderful doctors as well as wonderful human beings. Each week for the next five weeks, I'll share with you who they are. 

Drum roll please. Introducing Dr. Mark P. Leondires, Medical Director and lead infertility doctor with Reproductive Medicine Associates of Connecticut (RMACT), is board-certified in both Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility. ~Lisa Rosenthal

Board-Certified Reproductive Endocrinologist: CT Infertility Doctor

CT Fertility Specialist Dr. Mark LeondiresAmong Dr. Leondires’ accolades, he was chosen by his peers as a Castle Connelly Regional Top Doctor for his work in the field of reproductive endocrinology and infertility.  He was also selected in 2012 and 2013 for Best Doctors in America, a database of the country’s top five percent of physicians, as chosen through a peer-review process. 


Prior to joining RMACT, he most recently served as the Director of Assisted Reproductive Technologies at the Combined Federal Program for Reproductive Endocrinology. While under his direction, the ART Program was one of the most successful in the Washington DC area and in the top tenth percentile nationally. During this time he was an Assistant Professor at the Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences and clinical faculty for the Combined Fellowship in Reproductive Endocrinology. His professional society memberships include the Society of Reproductive Endocrinologists, the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and the American Society for Reproductive Medicine.


He received his undergraduate degree in biochemistry and history from Colby College in Waterville, Maine. He earned his medical degree from the University of Vermont College of Medicine in Burlington, Vermont. He completed his residency in Obstetrics and Gynecology at Maine Medical Center in Portland, Maine, which was followed by a fellowship in Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland.


Along with numerous teaching and research activities, Dr. Leondires has published numerous articles in professional medical journals, as well as abstracts, articles and book chapters.


His research interests include IVFendometriosispolycystic ovarian syndrome, the role of hormones in brain function, and reduction in higher-order multiple gestations.


A few words from Dr. Leondires on his award, our launching the RMACT website in Spanish and on his involvment with GayParentstoBe, an RMACT website:


 “I’m honored that my peers have named me a Top Doctor,” says Dr. Leondires, who is Board Certified in both Reproductive Endocrinology and Obstetrics and Gynecology. “This is an exciting time to be in the fertility field because there have been impressive advances, particularly in the past 10 years. It has been a privilege to bring those advances to my patients, as well as the hope that comes with these scientific advances to help them succeed in their dream of having children.”

“For many of our patients, online research is their first step to learning about infertility and to making a plan for starting a family,” says Dr. Mark Leondires, Medical Director of RMACT. “We hope that this website can help Spanish-speaking patients understand their options and help them feel less isolated. It is important for patients to have a firm understanding of their diagnosis and to feel confident in their treatment plan.”

“I am proud to share my opinions and expertise as both a dad and a physician at a larger fertility center. I hope to offer to insights, support, and professional expertise to the LGBT community,” says Dr. Mark Leondires, a board-certified reproductive endocrinologist. “As a father and husband, I want to share the joy of being a parent with others in the LGBT community. While it was a hurdle to get started, the rewards are boundless. I hope to use my experience as a fertility doctor to help others understand their medical options when it comes to LGBT family building.”

Contact us to book an appointment with RMACT lead infertility specialist Dr. Leondires in our Connecticut or New York fertility centers.


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CT Fertility Program Inside Email from Dr. Mark Leondires, Shared


A Love Letter to CT Fertility Program

CT Fertility Clinic - RMACTEvery so often I write a love letter to CT fertility program, RMACT. Here's why.

They are a fertility program with a tremendous amount of heart, integrity and compassion. They, we, put the patient first. We consider your medical needs, your emotional needs, and yes, your spiritual needs. We do not see you as a walking infertility diagnosis. We see you as a whole and complete human being. I see that every day at RMACT. I hear about it when Fertile Yoga students mention their nurses calling them back at 6:45 PM on a Saturday night or one of our five board certified reproductive endocrinologists going the extra mile to explain the results of a test that is troubling you. I feel it when I see the love that is expressed by our patients talking about the time and care that our patient navigators took in walking them through a difficult process. 

When I got the following email from Dr. Mark Leondires, Medical Director at Reproductive Medicine Associates, I was struck by his concern for his patients, which prompted me to respond and ask him if I could use it here, on PathtoFertility. 

Of course he said yes. 

So here we have an internal email, shared with permission with you. An email that was prompted by his concern with a patient that he had just seen. 

I added a comma or two. Otherwise, this email is being published as it was sent to the RMACT staff. 

Not too often you get an inside view. Enjoy! ~ Lisa Rosenthal

* * * * * * * * * * *

Inside Letter from Dr. Leondires on Infertility Support Services

To all,


We are so happy that Melissa Kelleher has joined us.  As a social worker, she is in a position to be helpful to patients who are in need of emotional support, a hand to hold, or as a sounding board for their anxiety, or other mental health support needs.  


We are also able to have many patients be seen under their insurance plan.  This should dramatically increase the utilization of mental health support services by our patients, I hope.  We should all recognize that having the availability to talk to a mental health professional covered by your insurance plan is a great opportunity to get more of our patients the support and help that they need, without them having to undergo more out of pocket expenses.    


I encourage all of you to consider referring many types of patients to Melissa to be seen.  These patients could include:


  • Infertility patients who are struggling with the process
  • Recurrent pregnancy loss patients who need extra support
  • Newly diagnosed cancer patients accessing fertility preservation
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome patients dealing with their diagnoses
  • Patients being seen for weight loss in need of extra support
  • Patients considering using donor sperm
  • Patients considering using donor egg
  • Patients considering any aspect of third party reproduction


With Melissa we have an expanded complement of mental health counseling services available to our patients.  Melissa works 4 days per week in Norwalk, Danbury, and Trumbull, which is awesome.


I am so excited to offer expanded mental health and support services on insurance platforms and strongly encourage all referrals.  Dr. Tuttle continues to be a integral part of our practice and will continue screening egg donors, carriers, and providing psychological support counseling and services.  I know they will work together to be able to get more of our patients the help they need.  


Let’s all try to get our patients the mental health support services that they need.  If you are struggling as to how to make or whether to make the referral please talk to Melissa or Lisa so they can help you. 


Happy Holidays to all and let's have a GREAT New Year!




CT Fertility Doctor Mark Leondires   RMACT

Mark Leondires, MD
Medical Director
RMA of Connecticut






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CT Fertility Specialist Mark Leondires Gives 3 Month Plan - Habits for Optimal Fertility and Healthy Pregnancy


Preparing for A Healthy Pregnancy

It seems like the Monday after Thanksgiving might be a good time for a reminder about what to think about BEFORE you try to become pregnant. It's never too late to start new habits for a healthy pregnancy and make more conscious decisions about your lifestyle. 

CT fertility specialist Dr. Mark Leondires, Medical Director of Reproductive Medicine Associates of Connecticut (RMACT), talks about the choices that we can make when we are considering having a baby. As he advises below in the blog that he wrote for the Norwalk Patch, 90 Days Preconception: Habits for Optimal Fertility and a Healthy Pregnancy, better to think ahead. Of course you want to make healthy choices when you are trying to conceive; even better though if you know ahead of time. Ninety days ahead of time, according to Dr. Leondires, can make a real difference.

~ Lisa Rosenthal

CT Fertility Specialist Dr. Mark Leondires On Optimizing Fertility

CT fertility doctor Mark LeondiresThe most common questions I hear when a new couple comes to my office are “Will I get pregnant?” and “When?”  Typically by the time patients make an appointment with me or my colleagues they have been trying for months, sometimes even years, and are burdened with the anxiety and stress of infertility and their resolve is to get into the doctor’s office and to get pregnant.


However, instead of jumping immediately into a treatment plan, I believe in treating the whole patient.  My partners and I find that patients are most likely to successfully get pregnant when their physical and mental health is at its best.


Patients should consider their health and lifestyle habits 90 days before conception.  This is about more than fertility health.  This includes nutrition, mental health, stress management, physical activity… all of it affects a person’s fertility and, upon conception, it affects the health of mother and baby.


Some of our patients are able to get pregnant simply by changing their lifestyle habits – without assisted reproductive technology.  As little as a 5 percent reduction in weight can lead to more regular ovulatory cycles, improved insulin sensitivity and an improved chance of pregnancy.  Sometimes patients are too lean and their hormonal balance can be restored with weight gain.


Preconception Health Tips - A Checklist


Here are examples of how to improve lifestyle habits (and therefore improve fertility while decreasing the risk of birth defects) from the preconception health checklist that we use with our patients at Reproductive Medicine Associates of Connecticut (RMA of CT). 



  • Eat a balanced diet that exemplifies the USDA’s balanced plate full of vegetables, fruit, whole grains, lean protein, heart healthy fats
  • Test for risk factors: hemoglobin A1c, vitamin D, blood pressure, cholesterol – these are simple tests that can be performed by your family doctor
  • Start to take prenatal vitamins (800 mcg of folic acid)
  • Drink water (not soda and minimize caffeine).
  • Boost important vitamins and minerals: calcium (dairy, leafy greens), folic acid (citric fruit, fortified breads, lentils), iron (spinach, beans), omega-3 (low-mercury fish such as salmon)


Lifestyle Habits

  • Limit alcohol
  • Quit smoking
  • Avoid exposure to environmental risk factors (e.g., gardening chemicals, cleaning products)
  • Lower caffeine intake to less than 150 mg per day, which is equivalent to two 8 oz cups of coffee
  • Try to get to a healthy weight and body mass index (BMI)
  • Be physically active with low impact activities such as swimming, walking and restorative yoga


Mental Health & Partner Relationship

  • Identify stress management method (e.g., yoga, meditation)
  • Communicate with your partner about your dreams of a family
  • Identify your network of friends and family – and consider talking to them when you are stressed
  • Talk to a professional when going through extreme challenges or making life-changing decisions
  • Consider support groups with other fertility patients. RMACT has monthly free support groups for fertility patients
  • Check your health insurance. Is family planning covered?  Are there restrictions (e.g., age)?


Reproductive Health

  • Schedule a preconception visit with your OB/GYN and be up to date on PAP smear and mammogram
  • For women: FSH and/or AMH, which are simple blood tests that help guage ovarian reserve; hysterosalpingogram (HSG), which is a non-invasive test to check the fallopian tubes and uterus
  • For men: schedule a semen analysis, limit alcohol, quit smoking, work towards a healthy weight


Simple lifestyle changes have the power to improve fertility and the health of the baby.  Sometimes assisted reproductive technologies are still needed for a couple to get pregnant.  But improving a couples’ health (yes, the woman and the man) doesn’t have a downside.  Best of all, many of my patients like being proactive – this is something within their control.


The Tests That Help Diagnose Infertility by Dr. Mark Leondires


Fertility Testing AMH

Understanding Fertility Testing from Reproductive Endocrinologist Dr. Mark Leondires

My patients are in their 20s, 30s or 40s; they can be healthy and fit or obese; they can be any race or religion. I am a reproductive endocrinologist, and I’m reminded daily that infertility does not have one look.  Even patients who are generally healthy can struggle to get pregnant.


At my practice, we determine a woman’s level of fertility based on her medical and family histories, age, basal antral follicle count, day 3 follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) level. Collectively these factors give us a complete picture of a woman’s reproductive health; however, AMH testing, which is relatively new, is generally considered to be very reliable.  


AMH levels are measured by a simple blood test. Because AMH tests measure a protein as it secretes in to ovaries, it is not affected by estrogen and other hormones, and can therefore be tested at any point in the menstrual cycle and even in patients on birth control pills.

Options for Women with Low Ovarian Reserve

Women with low ovarian reserve have several options.  If they are considering having a family, they may decide they are ready to start trying. If they are not ready to start a family, they can freeze eggs for the future.  Alternatively, they can continue to monitor their egg reserve or seek further testing to get a better understanding of their reproductive health.  All of these options benefit from early detection; the earlier we know if there is an issue, the more we can help.


While it is true that the likelihood of getting pregnant decreases dramatically after 35 years of age, any woman in her reproductive years can be affected by infertility. Women should be able to get pregnant within a year of trying. If they have not, then they should see a fertility specialist. If they are over 35 years old, they should see a reproductive endocrinologist after trying for six months.  It is also important to know that male partners contribute up to 40 percent of infertility issues; both partners should see a fertility specialist for diagnostic testing.


Free AMH Testing Details


Reproductive Medicine Associates of Connecticut (RMA of CT) is hosting two events in October with free AMH testing.  Each event will include an opening presentation about infertility, including an explanation of the AMH test.  Attendees will then have a blood test taken and a nurse will call with the results within 10 business days.  The events are being held:


RMA of CT Stamford Office

1290 Summer Street, suite 3200

October 11, 2012 at 6 p.m.


RMA of CT Danbury Office

67 Sand Pitt, suite 300

October 11, 2012 at 6 p.m.


Preregistration is encouraged: www.rmact.com/amh.

Dr. Mark Leondires


We hope women in the area take advantage of this event to learn more about infertility and to have a free AMH test, even if their plan is wait to start a family.


This blog post appeared originally on the Stamford Patch.

No! Leading Towards Maybe | Infertility Basics


Fertility ConferenceFertility and Adoption Conference Take-Aways


A Family of My Own had its fertility and adoption conference in Rye Brook, New York this past Saturday. 


Kudos to the organizers, Preya Shivdat, Elizabeth Carellas and Nina Antolino.  It was a well-organized, well-thought out and well-executed conference. 


I had the pleasure of listening to Dr. Mark Leondires speak that day.  His topic CT Fertility Doctor Mark Leondireswas "Finding Hope: Working Together to Understand Your Fertility and Treatment Options in the Age of Modern ART."


His presentation was compassionate and scientific and thoughtful.  He reminded all of us that no one really wants to be in fertility treatment.  We all wish that conceiving happened outside of a doctors office, at home.  He spoke about alternative paths to creating our families and ways in which we can adjust our vision to include paths that we had previously rejected.


The day also included one of RMACT's Finance Managers, Natesha Lane, Infertility Insurancesharing her expertise about fertility insurance coverage and the state mandates.  Her audience was most appreciative to have heard her, as she was thorough, helpful and informative. 


I enjoyed speaking on Fertile Yoga and the different aspects of mind/body techniques that I bring into the classes. 


We recorded our sessions, so look forward to seeing them, edited, on the blog site soon.


Fertile Lessons from Yoga

Jump to the next day, when I taught yoga to a very experienced group of yogis.  The focus of the class is a vigorous physical challenge, with heart and breath wide open--a pleasure to teach.  My focus for the class was on the questions that come up and to allow answers to come to us as they may: To notice what the questions are, first and foremost; To recognize that the questions themselves often hold the answers; And that the answers are not always what we think they will be. 


One student, during a particularly challenging pose, when told about doing handstand next, blurted out "no."  We all laughed.  She finished the sequence.  We moved to headstand and handstand. 


Loved her next comment.


She amended her initial response to this: "No, moving toward maybe."


I just love it.


Fertility Treatment Mindfulness

I remember being in fertility treatment and swearing that I would do what I was doing, but I would never do "that."  You know what I mean.  "That," being the next step, the next medication, the next procedure. 


If you are like me, you probably have said that too, especially about fertility treatment.  If you are like me, you probably have amended that "no" to a "maybe" and even changed it to a "yes" and gone on to treatment that you had previously rejected.


We all need to get there in our own time.  It takes, as Dr. Leondires so eloquently put it on Saturday, self-reflection and self-care to be able to move on in fertility treatment.  Whether that's moving from an IUI to IVF or from IVF to donor egg or to start speaking to adoption agencies or consider childfree living.

Fertility Treatment Success


I do love that. 


"No, moving to maybe." 


Next place to go?








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